Professor Paolo Pelosi grew up in Milan and attended University of Milan, graduating magna cum laude in Medicine and Surgery. After graduation, he completed his studies first as Specialist in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care and then as Research Fellow in Anaesthesiology at the University of Milan. He served as Associate Professor in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine at the University of Insubria, Varese from 1999 to 2010. He is currently Chief Professor in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care and Director of the Speciality School in Anaesthesiology at the University of Genoa as well as Head of the Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Unit at the San Martino Policlinico Hospital, IRCCS for Oncology and Neurosciences, Genoa, Italy. His activity has been always directed both to the clinical and research field. The main research interests of Prof. Pelosi have been directed to respiratory physiology during anaesthesia and respiratory failure. Prof.Pelosi developed several collaborations with highly scientifically reputed groups in European and Extra-European countries, for research in the field of mechanical ventilation and sepsis in experimental and clinical settings. In this line, he promoted the constitution, and actually the chair, of the PROVEnet investigators group, a large network of researchers worldwide focusing on protective ventilation and its effects on main outcome measures and organizing large scale databases, observational trials and randomized controlled trial worldwide in the field of Anaesthesiology. This is of particular relevance for improving quality of research and its clinical applicability worldwide. Furthermore, he is also experienced in meta-analysis and leading of large prospective randomized controlled trials as well as observational trials. He is actively involved in the Fellowship and Resident educational program at the University of Genoa and in different European Societies related to Anaesthesiology and Critical Care. He served as President of the European Society of Anaesthesiology ESA (2010-2011) and first as Secretary and than as Head of the Respiratory Intensive Care Assembly 2 at the European Respiratory Society. He was Member of the Council at the World federation of Societies of Intensive Care and Critical Care Medicine (WFSICCM). He was awarded by important international prizes and recognitions. He is member of several Boards of International Meetings’ Organizing Committees. He was also Editor and/or Co-Editor of several Books and scientific issues. He is Author or Co-Author of 489 original papers, 184 papers under invitation. 113 Chapters, 72 Proceedings, 264 presentations at Meeting; he has lectured in more than 1700 national and international meetings on ventilation management during the perioperative period and on the pathophysiology and treatments of acute respiratory failure. H-Index 68 (Scopus) and citations 22579.